EU grenzen discussie mag Migratietop Valletta niet beheersen

EMBARGO: 11 november 2015, 00:01 uur

De leiders van de EU en Afrika moeten de migratietop die vandaag in Valletta (Malta) begint, gebruiken om de aandacht te vestigen op de oorzaken die mensen massaal Afrika doen ontvluchten, zegt Oxfam Novib. Recente cijfers laten zien dat de laatste 15 jaar tenminste 31 duizend mensen zijn omgekomen of verdwenen tijdens een poging om Europa te bereiken. Dit onderstreept de noodzaak mensenrechten centraal te stellen en niet de agenda van de EU voor het beschermen van de eigen grenzen en staatsveiligheid in Europa.

Farah Karimi, algemeen directeur Oxfam Novib: 'Ik ben geschokt door het gebrek aan menselijkheid in de discussie over vluchtelingen in Europa. Het gaat vooral nog over afschrikking, tegenhouden en terugsturen. Europa vergeet zijn eigen geschiedenis en zijn eigen waarden. Wie vlucht voor geweld en onderdrukking heeft recht op onze bescherming, daar moeten we nooit aan tornen.'

'Wat de Europese leiders, samen met Afrikaanse leiders moeten doen is het aanpakken van de grondoorzaken van ontheemding, en het bieden van veiligheid aan vluchtelingen. Geld, dat nu gaat zitten in grensversterking en afschrikwekkende maatregelen, zou moeten worden geïnvesteerd in ontwikkeling en het beheersen van conflicten en klimaatverandering, die mensen dwingt huis en haard te verlaten.'

'De Europese leiders hebben op de vorige migratietop juist de voordelen van migratie voor economische ontwikkeling benadrukt, zowel voor de landen van herkomst, doorreis en landen van hervestiging. Daarom zou legale en veilige migratie mogelijk moeten worden gemaakt. Maar nu overheerst de angst voor rechts populisme en de xenopfobe onderbuik.


==Volledig Engels persbericht Oxfam:

Valletta migration summit must focus on Africa
and not be hijacked by EU border agenda

EU and African leaders meeting in Valletta need to use this major summit on migration to address the causes forcing people to flee their homes - if the meeting is to benefit the populations of the African countries taking part, says Oxfam International. With the latest figures showing that over the last 15 years at least 31,000 people have died or gone missing while trying to reach Europe , the EU must let human rights be the focus at Valletta and not prioritize the EU's own agenda of tightened borders and increased state security.

The EU is expected to use the summit to announce a new Trust Fund for Africa. Oxfam would welcome the decision of the EU to use resources to address issues of poverty, inequality and conflict in Africa. However, the agency objects to the use of such funds to solely curb migration. Development aid should be used to help eradicate poverty; for schools and clinics, not barbed wire and checkpoints.

Oxfam's EU Migration Policy Adviser, Sara Tesorieri, said: "People are more important than borders. When people risk their lives to reach Europe, despite hearing the reports of the too many who have died trying, it clearly tells us the EU's approach is failing. It is important for Europe to realize that, if managed well, development and prosperity can go hand in hand with the movement of people. The first step at Valletta must be to stop talking about the issue of migration to Europe and start working out how to help these people who are moving to improve their lives."

Oxfam's research with Adeso and the Global Center on Cooperative Security shows that migration can have a favorable economic impact with net benefits for receiving countries in the terms of labor markets, taxes and social contributions, and economic growth. While research by Oxford University suggests that increasing human development is likely to result in higher, rather than lower, levels of mobility.

"Leaders meeting in Valletta must get to grips with the fact that migration is happening. The vast and varied causes making people migrate have to be unpicked by the EU, not pushed to the side and ignored. These crises include conflict, climate change, inequality, poverty and repressive regimes," said Tesorieri.

Europe must also recognize its contribution to these chronic problems and crises in Africa. It has a duty to act accordingly, by reaching a robust climate deal in Paris, ending the tax-dodging robbing Africa of billions each year, and limiting weapons transfers in compliance with the Arms Trade Treaty to render conflicts in Africa less deadly while providing assistance to African States to effectively implement the treaty themselves.

Oxfam is calling for greater commitment to human security and human rights, sustainable development and prevention of violent conflict. Increased securitization of border control, and greater criminalization of irregular migration, will only increase human suffering and the risks to people's safety.

- Voor meer informatie en/of aanvraag voor interviews: Persvoorlichting Oxfam Novib
Jules van Os, 06-51573683

- Sara Tesorieri, Oxfam's EU Migration Policy Adviser, will be attending the Valletta summit. To arrange interviews, please contact Ludovica Jona, Media Officer, in Valletta (mobile: +39 338 8786870, email: ludovica.jona@oxfam.it).

- Oxfam position paper for the EU-Africa Summit on Migration (https://www.dropbox.com/s/3agrrvyj255871l/Oxfam%20position%20paper%20for%20EU-Africa%20Migration%20Summit.pdf?dl=0).

- Figures from the Migrants Files (themigrantsfiles.com):
- In the last 15 years at least 31,476 people have died or have gone missing trying to reach Europe - this includes 24,022 dead or missing long the Central and Western Mediterranean routes from North Africa to Europe.
- Over the same period the EU has spent Euro11.3 billion on deportations and a further Euro1.7 billion on detention centers outside the EU - including in Libya; technical assistance to North African countries to prevent refugees and migrants from crossing into Europe; fences and walls including the 11km barrier in Ceuta on the North African coast; drones, speedboats, night vision goggles, jeeps and other equipment for EU border guards; coordinating EU border response efforts.
- On a similar scale, refugees have paid Euro16 billion to travel to Europe.

Oxfam Novib

plaats:
Den Haag
website:
http://www.oxfamnovib.nl

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